New Delhi, Delhi
GST No. 07AAOCM9783B1Z0
Approx. Rs 38.40 / PieceGet Latest PriceProduct BrochureProduct Details:
|Minimum Order Quantity||500 Piece|
|Cuff Type||Uncuffed/ Plain|
|Connector Length||15 mm|
|Minimum Quantity||100 Pc|
|Country of Origin||Made in India|
Endotracheal Tube (Plain) Tubular device designed to be inserted into the trachea through the oral/nasal cavity to secure the airway and maintain the gas exchange in the lungs. Made from non-toxic, clear, transparent, thermoresistant medical grade PVC
An endotracheal tube (ETT) is a medical device used in various healthcare settings, primarily in critical care, anesthesia, and emergency medicine. It is a hollow, flexible tube inserted into a patient's trachea through the mouth or nose, allowing for artificial ventilation and airway management. The "plain" ETT refers to a standard, unmodified tube without additional features like cuffs or special designs. In this text, we will explore the key aspects of the endotracheal tube, its uses, insertion, and considerations in a comprehensive manner.
1. Anatomy and Components of an Endotracheal Tube:
An ETT is typically composed of the following parts:
Main Tube: The main body of the tube is usually made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and comes in various sizes to accommodate patients of different ages and sizes.
Cuff (if applicable): In the case of a plain ETT, there is no cuff. However, some ETTs have an inflatable cuff near the distal end, which can be used to create a seal between the tube and the tracheal wall.
Connector: The proximal end of the tube features a connector that allows for attachment to a mechanical ventilator or manual ventilation device.
2. Uses of an Endotracheal Tube:
Endotracheal tubes serve various purposes in medical care, including:
Airway Management: ETTs secure a patient's airway, ensuring that the trachea remains open, facilitating adequate oxygenation and ventilation. This is crucial in cases of respiratory failure, trauma, or during surgery.
Mechanical Ventilation: They are commonly used to connect patients to ventilators, assisting those who cannot breathe effectively on their own due to illness or surgery.
Protection against Aspiration: ETTs help prevent aspiration of stomach contents or other materials into the lungs, which can cause severe complications like pneumonia.
Suctioning: ETTs allow for the removal of secretions and mucus that can obstruct the airway.
3. Insertion of an Endotracheal Tube:
The process of inserting an ETT, also known as intubation, should be performed by trained healthcare professionals, such as anesthesiologists, critical care physicians, or emergency physicians. The steps involved in intubation include:
Preparation: Ensure all necessary equipment is ready, including the endotracheal tube, laryngoscope, stylet (a flexible wire to guide the tube), and securing devices (such as tape or ties).
Positioning: Properly position the patient, typically with the head in a neutral position, aligning the oral, pharyngeal, and tracheal axes.
Insertion: Gently guide the ETT through the vocal cords and into the trachea. Ensure proper placement by observing the tube's markings or using other confirmation methods like capnography or chest auscultation.
Securing: Once the ETT is in the correct position, secure it in place to prevent accidental displacement.
4. Considerations and Complications:
Size Selection: Choosing the appropriate ETT size is crucial. A tube that is too large or too small can lead to complications.
Infection Control: Maintaining strict aseptic technique during intubation and ETT care is crucial to prevent infections.
Complications: Complications of ETT insertion can include tracheal injury, vocal cord damage, accidental extubation, and infection.
Monitoring: Continuous monitoring of the patient, ETT position, and ventilation parameters is essential during ETT use.
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